Industry Issues


ADVANCE CARGO SHIPMENT DATA - UNITED STATES

24-Hour Advance Cargo Manifest Filing

Members of the World Shipping Council support a cargo security strategy that requires the filing of shipment data for maritime containerized imports 24 hours before loading the cargo to the vessel, a risk assessment of that cargo and a process that addresses any high-risk cargo concerns prior to vessel loading. In 2003, pursuant to Section 343 of the Trade Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-210), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) published a new regulation called the "24 Hour Rule" that implemented this process.

Read WSC's February 2003 comments regarding the Strawman Proposals for the Collection of Mandatory Advanced Electronic Cargo Information.

Read WSC's September 2002 comments regarding CBP's proposed rules requiring that cargo manifests be filed 24 hours before loading at a foreign port.

Additional Advance Cargo Shipment Data

In November 2008, CBP published an interim final rule, called the "10 + 2" Rule, requiring U.S. importers to transmit to CBP, 24 hours prior to vessel loading, Importer Security Filings containing ten data elements relating to the cargo origin, description and the parties involved in the importation. This rule also requires ocean carriers to transmit, in addition to the 24 Hour Rule cargo declarations, vessel stow plans and container status messages for U.S. destination cargo. The 10 + 2 rule became effective on January 26, 2009 and was followed by a one-year flexible enforcement period in which CBP provided compliance outreach and assistance to the regulated community.  The World Shipping Council and its members have supported the 10 + 2 rule because it provides CBP with more and better quality data that the agency uses in the cargo risk assessments that it conducts before cargo is loaded onto a ship. Learn more from CBP about the 10 + 2 rule.

Read WSC's June 2009 comments regarding the 10 + 2 rule.

Export Cargo Shipment Data: Automated Export System

The Trade Act of 2002 requires advance transmission of electronic cargo information to CBP for both U.S. imports and exports. In CBP's December 2003 Trade Act regulations, CBP identified the Automated Export System (AES) as the system of record for transmission of advance electronic export data carried via all modes of transportation. In June 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau amended the Foreign Trade Regulations (15 CFR 30) to require U.S. exporters to file export information through the Automated Export System for all shipments where a Shipper's Export Declaration was previously required. These regulations also require the U.S. exporter (also called the U.S. Principal Party in Interest or USPPI) or it's authorized agent to provide the filing citation or exemption number to the exporting carrier 24 hours prior to the loading of the cargo aboard the vessel. Learn more about AES from CBP.

U.S. Customs' Automated Commercial Environment (ACE)

ACE is U.S Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) commercial trade processing system designed to automate import and export processing. ACE will eventually replace CBP's current import processing system, which is called the Automated Commercial System (ACS). Ocean carriers file electronic cargo declarations to CBP's Automated Manifest System, which is a component of ACS. The World Shipping Council and its members support CBP's efforts to update its legacy trade processing systems so that all import and export trade information may be submitted electronically. Learn more about ACE from CBP.